Corrective Jaw Surgery

Corrective Jaw Surgery

Jaw surgery involves correction in jaw irregularities, realignment of the jaws with teeth and to improve the aesthetic appearance of the patient. 

What is Corrective Jaw Surgery (Orthognathic Surgery)?

Orthognathic Surgery refers to a type of jaw surgery which can correct the minor and major defects in a patient’s jaw structure. Jaw surgery is necessary when orthodontic treatment is not enough to correct the defects or to enhance the appearance of the patient’s face. These procedures are used to treat small jaw/ overgrown jaw or asymmetric jaw growth.

Dr Vikram Pandit has been trained extensively in orthognathic surgeries from world-renowned Craniofacial surgeons at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taiwan. During his fellowship, he had the opportunity to perform numerous complicated surgeries under expert guidance. 

A good team approach is necessary to plan and execute these surgeries. The team involves a surgeon, orthodontist and general dentist if required. These surgeries are generally performed after the age of 18 years. 

Only an Oral and Maxillofacial surgeon such as Dr Vikram Pandit is qualified to perform Orthognathic surgery. 

Jaw surgery involves correction in jaw irregularities, realignment of the jaws with teeth and to improve the aesthetic appearance of the patient. 

Patients who undergo corrective jaw surgery witness a drastic improvement in their chewing, swallowing and overall functioning related to the jaws. 

Also, patients who suffer from Obstructive sleep apnea due to the smaller jaws and narrow airways will benefit from Maxillo-mandibular advancement surgery. This surgery will enlarge the patient’s airway size and help them breath better. This surgery has shown maximum benefit in patients with moderate to severe sleep apnea.

What Are The Types of Orthognathic Surgery?

Following are the main types of jaw surgery:

  • Maxillary Osteotomy (Le-fort 1 osteotomy)– This is the jaw surgery performed to correct defects related to the upper jaw. It can correct a significantly receded or protruding upper jaw, crossbite or an open bite. People who suffer from excessive gum show (gummy smile) during smiling, will benefit from this surgery. Also, patients with cleft lip and palate who have significant maxillary hypoplasia can be treated by this surgical procedure. This surgery will improve patients smile line, teeth show and nasal appearance. 
  • Mandibular Osteotomy – Mandibular Osteotomy is lower jaw correction surgery. It is performed either to correct a protruding lower jaw or a receding lower jaw. Many people suffer from congenitally small lower jaw or mandible which can be seen as retruding/small chin, double chin or as deep labio-mental sulcus. These patients may also suffer from snoring/ difficulty in breathing/ OSA. Lower jaw advancement surgery will correct most of the above conditions. Similarly, patients who have abnormally long lower jaw will benefit from lower jaw reduction surgery.
  • Bi-maxillary osteotomy- in this procedure both maxillary and mandibular osteotomies are performed. This procedure is reserved for more complicated jaw anomaly. Facial asymmetry correction, post-traumatic facial deformity correction or patients with severe jaw alignment issues will need such surgeries. Through this surgery, maxilla and mandible can be moved in a way to benefit aesthetics as well as a function such as eating/breathing/speech etc.
  • Maxilo-mandibular advancement surgery (MMA) is a type of bimaxillary osteotomy performed exclusively for correction of obstructive sleep apnea. Patients who have moderate to severe OSA, intolerant to CPAP or any oral appliances, who have significant narrowing of the airway are good candidates for this surgery. A sleep study (polysomnography) and CT scans are essential before planning this procedure.
  • Genioplasty – Genioplasty is a surgical procedure performed to correct the deformities of the chin. Often it is performed simultaneously with Mandibular Osteotomy. These procedures will help define the jawlines and make it look more beautiful. Genioplasty strengthens a deficient or small chin. This can be performed by using a chin implant or bone osteotomy surgery. Similarly, an excessively large chin can be made more delicate using reduction genioplasty procedure. 

Corrective Jaw Surgery Results

Book Consultation

Dr Vikram Pandit, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon

Consult Dr Vikram Pandit
Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon

Book a consultation with Dr Vikram Pandit. At the consultation, Dr Vikram Pandit will:

  1. Dr. Vikram Pandit will first perform a thorough examination of your teeth, gums and jaw.
  2. Explain the problem to you.
  3. An X-Ray of your teeth will be taken if needed.

We recommend you openly discuss your concerns with Dr. Vikram. 

During the consultation be prepared to discuss:

  • Your medical conditions, drug allergies, and previous dental treatments.
  • Current medications, vitamins, herbal supplements, if any.
  • Likely outcomes, and any risks or potential complications.
Dr Vikram Pandit, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon

Dr. Vikram Pandit

BDS, MDS Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon

Meet the Doctor

BDS, MDS Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon

Dr. Vikram is a visiting consultant and consultant oral and maxillofacial surgeon at the top hospitals in Pune like Poona Hospital and Research Centre, Ratna Memorial Hospital, Pandit Clinic and KEM Hospital. Dr. Vikram has done clinical fellowship in craniofacial surgery with focus on surgery for cleft lip and palate deformities, orthognathic surgery and surgery for sleep related disordered breathing (SRDB). He has trained for advanced management for Facial Trauma, from Taiwan. He has also attended various seminars and done workshops related to Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Dr. Vikram is also a  co- author of a chapter for a textbook. He has been invited as a speaker for number of conferences in India as well as Internationally.

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