The skin consists of pigment cells called melanocytes that produce melanin. Melanin is responsible in imparting the skin its colour. Vitiligo is a condition in which these pigments are lost or destroyed. This leaves the skin looking milky white, and can be prominently seen in people with dark skin.
Vitiligo commonly known as luekoderma is hence a skin problem where the antibodies in human skin target their own colour cells and destroy them, forming white patches on skin. Vitiligo is thus considered as an auto-immune disease, though the exact of it is still being researched.
Vitiligo affects 0.5–1% of the population, and occurs in all races, though the people of India are particularly susceptible to it. People with vitiligo are more prone to some other diseases as well, though the condition itself is not contagious. People with vitiligo are genetically predisposed to it, and the disease affects both men and women equally.
This is only a social and cosmetic problem and not related to ill health. Vitiligo can come on lips, eyelids, private areas, hands, legs and any other area of skin.
Vitiligo Treatment is possible in Pune with advent of science and one can lead a normal social life.
Phototherapy:Sunlight has the capacity to generate Melanin "colour of skin" and thus the UVA and UVB both are effective treatment options for vitiligo.
Laser: 308 Excimer laser is the narrowed spectrum of UVB at wavelength 308nm. This is found to be the most effective as safe wavelength for light therapy in treatment of vitiligo.
Surgery: Punch grafting, skin grafting, blister grafting, surgical removal, melanocyte culture and grafting are few means of surgical treatment of vitiligo. We perform these surgeries at our clinic in Pune.