Hair loss is common among men. Many men start losing their hair as early as 30. This can be due to several reasons, the most common is dandruff. Frequently wearing a helmet or stress can also cause hair loss. Although it is a natural part of life, many men develop a complex when they discover a bald patch appearing while their friends still have a thick head of hair. Initially, it can be just a source of embarrassment but later it can transform into problems such as depression. Hence, several men try various creams or wigs. These are not long term solutions. However, one can opt of hair restoration surgery which is a long term solution.
Hair restoration surgery is a process of hair restoration wherein hair from the back of the head is taken and implanted over the part of the head which has gone bald. The region of the head; sides and back, where the hair is taken from is called the 'donor dominant hair'. It is so called because the hair in that region will continue to grow throughout the life of most men. In fact, donor dominance is the main reason behind the success of hair transplant surgery.
During the transplant operation the surgeon gives the patient a mild sedation-a local anesthesia. The effects of the anesthesia last for about 6 hours. The scalp is shampooed and treated with an antibacterial agent before the donor scalp is harvested. The surgeon uses small micro blades or fine needles to puncture the required site for receiving the grafts. He then places the grafts in such a manner as to provide a realistic hair pattern. The results are very satisfying with minimum or unnoticeable scarring.
Care has to be taken after the procedure is complete. For example, after the surgery the wound needs to be regularly dressed to avoid infection. Plus, shampooing starts two days after the surgery. Shampooing is essential to prevent scabs around the hair shaft as there is a risk of losing the newly acquired hair follicles. Also, in the beginning, the patient should be shielded from the Sun.